Hyperbaric Oxygen Theraphy
The quest to discover the right treatment solution for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or other ASD related ailments has been underway since decades. Over the years, medical researchers have unearthed a few alternate options to treat individuals affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder.
The Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, also known as the HBOT Therapy, is fast becoming a popular treatment option to combat ASD across the world.
What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD?
Autism Spectrum Disorder is basically a developmental disorder that impacts the neurological function of the affected individual. This ailment can further impair the motoring skills, clarity of speech and cause drastic changes in the behavioral patterns of the individual. These symptoms are usually known to be recognizable in an autistic individual right from the age of two. Early diagnosis of this condition can always help an individual in adapting the right treatment plan to cope with the ailment in a better manner.
What Are the Various Ailments That Are Related to Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Austism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) can cause a host of physiological ailments that range from mitochondrial dysfunction, cerebral hypoperfusion, inflammation of internal organs, etc. A few autistic individuals also tend to suffer from a condition known as oxidative stress.
Recent medical studies have indicated that Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy or HBOT is proving to be a viable option to individuals afflicted by ASD related ailments. Increasingly, there have been numerous reports wherein individuals afflicted by autism are known to have displayed significant improvements after subscribing to this alternative treatment plan.
Let us delve into the finer aspects of this procedure to gain a better understanding of this popular therapy.
What Is HBOT and How Can This Be a Viable Option to Counter ASD or Its Related Ailments?
Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment or HBOT therapy is a process wherein an individual affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder is placed in a pressurized chamber and administered 100% pure oxygen at an enhanced pressure that is greater than one atmosphere or atm. The entire process can be conducted at an authorised medical facility or at home under the supervision of a qualified professional.
This popular therapy is also widely being used to combat other health issues such as arterial gas embolism, treatment of unrelenting wounds and is known to provide relief to individuals suffering from decompression sickness and carbon monoxide poisoning. Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment is known to significantly improve the oxygen content in the internal tissues in individuals undergoing regular therapy sessions at an enhanced pressure level ( 2.0 atm and above).
HBOT therapy is also known to boost the internal blood flow in a healthy manner and propagate cell growth in the human body. The positive increase of the blood flow to certain parts of the brain instantly enhances neurological functions such as memory, comprehending capabilities, and other cognitive abilities to a great extent.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy as a Treatment Option for Mitochondrial Dysfunction:
Medical observers have increasingly started recommending Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy as a viable alternative treatment method to counter Mitochondrial Dysfunction.
Lab tests conducted by medical experts on rats recently have brought forth interesting results. A substantial increase in mitochondrial biogenesis was observed with resurgent production of fresh mitochondria in place of the old dysfunctional ones.
Researchers also observed an increase in the ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) production. The ROS are vital constituents that aid in transmission of any cellular signals through the human body.
Therafter a detailed study on humans affected by this syndrome was conducted in a controlled environment. A significant improvement in their cerebral blood flow was reported due to the increased oxygen introduced in the blood.
Lowered CSF Lactate levels and enhanced brain metabolism were also noticed after the affected individuals underwent the prescribed HBOT sessions.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy to Treat Cerebral Hypoperfusion:
It has been observed that most individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder show signs of Cerebral Hypoperfusion. This ailment is known to cause impairment of speech, loss of motoring abilities, and difficulty of facial coordination. Medical experts have also noticed that the concerned individuals go through behavioral patterns that can hamper social interaction in the long run.
The Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is increasingly being viewed as an alternative treatment plan as patients ailing from these conditions are known to have shown remarkable recovery in their behavior as well as improved cognitive abilities. There have been reports of improvement in facial expressions and speech coordination in the individuals after undergoing regular HBOT Therapy sessions.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Treating Inflammation:
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder are prone to ailments such as gastro-intestinal inflammation, neuro-inflammation, and dysfunction of the immune system.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy or HBOT is being prescribed regularly to individuals afflicted by the above-mentioned health issues. Medical experts have noticed a sharp reduction in the production of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1, IL-6, TNF – Alpha and Interferon – Gamma in autistic individuals that prescribe to regular sessions of HBOT treatment.
In recent times, medical professionals have also observed a signifcant drop in the urinary neopterin levels of autistic children undergoing HBOT therapy on a regular basis. It has also been reported during recent medical reviews that HBOT therapy is very effective in treating autism-related ailments such as abdominal distention, chronic diarrhea, and bowel inflammation.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for combating Oxidative Stress:
Since the past few years, HBOT Therapy is being regularly administered to people with other autism-related ailments such as Oxidative Stress. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is believed to regulate the regeneration of healthy antioxidant enzymes such as Oxygenase, Glutathione Peroxidase, Catalase, Superoxide Dismutase, etc. These antioxidant enzymes help in neutralizing any damage to the vital parts of the human body due to the increased production of ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species).
These observations by medical experts over the past decade have propelled the belief in HBOT Therapy as a safe and viable treatment option for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder as well as other autism related ailments across all corners of the globe.